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We highlight the importance of five conservation values among this extraordinary diversity of wildlife that can be found in the reserve:
reserva natural, quebrada del palmar


“Nature’s vehicle”

The nature reserve is located next to El Palmar stream which originates 5 kilometers upstream in the highest point of the central mountain ranges of San Luis. This flow of running water is crucial to ensure the quality of life of the region’s native species. Also, this stream maintains the region’s water supply and its quality. Due to the lack of human settlements from its source to the reserve, the water keeps all its mineral properties: there are no human or chemical wastes and the only ones that can be found are those linked with cows and goats grazing activities. Our reserve is strategically located before the urban zone and this is key because the El Palmar stream flows into the San Francisco River that supplies clean water for the village.

Condor andino Arbol del Sur

Andean condor

“The one who soars the sky of the central mountain ranges”

As our main purpose is to provide a new meaning to ancient wisdom, the stunning fly of the Andean condor among El Palmar central mountain ranges is key not only because of the biological role it plays in the ecosystem, but also because of the sacred and spiritual meaning it has for the South American people worldview. Nowadays, it is declared a San Luis’ natural monument.

In November 2022, our reserve was named “Condor Sanctuary” by Fundación BioAndina and by the Andean Condor Conservation Program (PCCA): it is the first sanctuary in the province of San Luis, Argentina.

The mountain valley

“If you take care of Nature, Nature will take care of you”

The nature reserve’s location in the central mountain ranges of the province of San Luis offers a great opportunity to develop the genetic conservation of unique plants and their evolution process. A lot of them are medicinal and aromatic plants so they are used in a conscious and respectful way in order to preserve them.

The natural diversity of the ecosystem turns the area into a space of high importance for wildlife conservation and the development of activities concerning environmental, geological and cultural interpretation, among others. Both students and professionals are involved in these activities.

The Caranday palm tree is the one that stands out in the nature reserve. It is native to the central region of Argentina and it was recently declared a San Luis’ natural monument so it must be effectively protected.

reserva natural, quebrada del palmar

Forest’s king

“Liberty’s nest”

This gorgeous bird, also known as black-backed grosbeak, is a unique species that can only be found in South America.

Nowadays, it is widely demanded as a pet because of its colors and the beauty of its distinctive singing. For this reason, it is listed as an endangered species.

reserva natural, quebrada del palmar

Ancient Culture

“Land is the root and source of our culture”

In the nature reserve, remains of ancient indigenous communities were found such as fixed mortars carved in stone that were used to crush food or prepare natural dyes; other holes in the rock were used as astronomical viewpoints: their body of water allowed the observation of the sky and its movements during specific times of the year. A huge ancestral presence in the area was also confirmed when utensils and tools that belonged to ancient inhabitants were found, such as conanas (a type of mortar that consisted of two parts), boleadoras (a throwing weapon made with weights attached to the end of the rope to capture animals) and arrowheads. An indigenous cemetery was found in the surroundings as well as cave paintings. Early 1 800 stone built ancient constructions are highlighted inside the reserve.

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